Dozens of leaders and senior officials from Arab and Islamic countries warned on Sunday that Israeli actions in Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank could worsen regional turmoil as violence escalates between Israel and the Palestinians.

The meeting in Cairo was organized by the Arab League and was attended by President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi of Egypt, King Abdullah II of Jordan and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas along with many foreign ministers and senior officials.

The high-level meeting came amid one of the deadliest fighting in years in Jerusalem and neighboring Israeli-occupied territory. Forty-five Palestinians have been killed so far this year, according to a count by The Associated Press. The Palestinians have killed 10 people on the Israeli side during that time.

Speakers at the meeting condemned Israel’s «unilateral measures» in Jerusalem and the West Bank in statements, including home demolition and settlement expansion.

They also condemned visits by Israeli officials to the city’s disputed holy site, which is sacred to both Jews and Muslims and has often been the epicenter of unrest between Israelis and Palestinians.

There was no immediate comment from the Israeli government.

The officials also expressed support for Jordan’s role as custodian of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the third holiest site in Islam. The mosque is built on top of a hill in the Old City of Jerusalem, which is the holiest site for Jews, who refer to it as the Temple Mount because it was the site of Jewish temples in ancient times.

Since Israel captured the site in the 1967 Middle East War, Jews have been allowed to visit but not pray there. Israel claims all of Jerusalem as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians seek East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.

Calling Jerusalem «the backbone of the Palestinian cause,» el-Sissi warned of the dire repercussions of any Israeli moves to change the status quo of the holy site, saying they would «have a negative impact» on future negotiations to resolve the Israeli conflict. -Palestinian.

He said such measures would impede the long-sought two-state solution to the conflict, leaving «both parties and the entire Middle East with difficult and serious choices.»

El-Sissi, whose country was the first Arab nation to establish diplomatic ties with Israel, called on the international community to «strengthen the two-state solution and create conducive conditions for the resumption of the peace process.»

King Abdullah II also called on Israel to stop its violations and raids on the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

«The region cannot live in peace, stability and prosperity without any progress in the Palestinian cause,» he warned.

Ahmed Aboul-Gheit, secretary general of the pan-Arab organization, also warned that attempts to split Al-Aqsa Mosque and erase its Arab and Islamic identity «would fuel endless riots and violence.»

Abbas, the Palestinian president, said his administration would turn to the United Nations and its agencies and demand a resolution to protect the two-state solution to the conflict.

«The State of Palestine will continue to resort to international courts and organizations to protect the legitimate rights of our people,» he said.

The ongoing outbreak of violence has pushed the region to its limits. Last month, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken met with Egyptian, Israeli and Palestinian leaders and urged them to ease tensions.

Israel is led by the new far-right government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Many politicians in the Netanyahu administration oppose Palestinian independence.